Aaron Alexander[ bearbeiten ]

Aaron (Albert) Alexandre אהרון אלכסנדר, around 1765/68, Hohenfeld, Franconia 16 November 1850, London, England) was a Jewish GermanFrenchEnglish chess player and writer.

Aaron Alexandre, a Bavarian trained as a rabbi, arrived in France in 1793.Saint-Amant [Pierre-Charles Fournier de], Ncrologie: A. Alexandre, La Rgence, 1st ser., 3, no. 1 (January 1851): 313. Encouraged by the French Republics policy of religious toleration, he became a French citizen. At first, he worked as a German teacher and as mechanical inventor. Eventually, chess became his primary occupation. He tried to make a complete survey of the chess openings, publishing his findings as the Encyclopdie des checs (Encyclopedia of Chess, Paris, 1837). With his book, he introduced the algebraic notation and the castling symbols O-O and O-O-O.

He continued with a survey of endgame analyses and a compilation of nearly two thousand chess problems, which he published in 1846 as Collection des plus beaux Problmes dEchecs, Paris, and simultaneously in English and German translations: Beauties of Chess, London, and Praktische Sammlung bester Schachspiel-Probleme, Leipzig.[http://www.ktn.freeuk.com/cb.htm Knights Tour Notes, Part Cb: Chronology 1800 1899]

Both books were accepted as standard reference collections, demonstrating Alexandres great technical knowledge. In chess as in his other activities, "he preferred erudition to performance".[http://content.cdlib.org/xtf/view?docId=ft438nb2b6&doc.view=content&chunk.id=ch1&toc.depth=1&anchor.id=0&brand=eschol Crescendo of the Virtuoso "ch1"] In 1838, he won a match against Howard Staunton in London.David Hooper, Ken Whyld, The Oxford companion to chess (1984), page 326


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